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אֵלִיָֽהוּ הַנָּבִיא | ’Éḷịˈyàhụ, hạNàˈvị’ | Elijah, the Prophet is a תְּפִלָּה | təfịˈḷàh | prayer which is sung both during פֶּסַח | ˈPèsaħ | Passover and at the end of שַׁבָּת | S͡hạˈbàt͡h | Shabbat. In the Passover service, ‘Eliyahu Hanavi’ is traditionally sung after pouring the fourth glass of wine and opening the door for Elijah, for whom a place of honor with a special goblet is reserved. In the הַבְדַּלָה | Hạvdạˈḷàh | Separation Service on Saturday evening, ‘Eliyahu Hanavi’ is traditionally sung after extinguishing the braided Havdalah candle in wine, expressing our wish for the Messianic Era to begin, when all days will be as peaceful and joyful as Shabbat.
The melody, in the harmonic-minor scale, is from an unknown composer. The lyrics implore Elijah to return soon to usher in the Messianic Age, in accordance with the prophecy in Malachi 3:23:
הִנֵּה אָנֹכִי שֹׁלֵחַ לָכֶם אֵת אֵלִיָּה הַנָּבִיא לִפְנֵי בּוֹא יוֹם יי הַגָּדוֹל וְהַנּוֹרָא. | Hịˈnéy ’ạnọˈk͡hị s͡họˈḷéăħ ḷàˈk͡hèm ’ét͡h ’Éḷịˈyàh hạnàˈvị’ ḷịfˈnéy bọ’ yọm hạˈS͡hém hạgàˈđọḷ vəhạnọˈṛà’. | See, I am sending you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and awesome day of the Eternal.
In this SABB arrangement by David ben Or, the alto carries the traditional melody throughout the piece. The tenor heralds Elijah's coming with a four-stroke drumbeat entering each measure, while the soprano arpeggiates in joyous anticipation, and the bass adds a suspenseful chromatic underpinning.
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http://sefaradizo.org/muzica/eliyahu_hanavi/ Sephardic Association of Órgiva, Granada, Andalusia, Spain 2018.11.18 English edition
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